- China Clean Stove Initiative Phase I
More than half of China’s population still relies on solid fuels (coal and biomass) for cooking and heating; many of these households, located mainly in rural areas, are likely to continue using solid fuels in the near future. Switching to modern energy alternatives would be the most effective way to achieve clean cooking and heating solutions and should be encouraged; yet such fuels are more expensive than solid fuels, requiring more costly stoves and delivery infrastructure. Poorer rural households without access to affordable modern fuels and improved stoves are unlikely to transition up the energy ladder on a large scale and will likely continue to depend on solid fuels as their primary source of cooking and heating energy. The International Energy Agency estimates that, by 2030, some 280 million people in China will still rely on solid fuels for cooking and heating. Effective strategies to scale up the dissemination of cleanburning, fuel-efficient stoves for household cooking and heating can mitigate the health hazards associated with the burning of solid fuels. It is estimated that household air pollution (HAP) from solid fuel use results in more than a million premature deaths each year in China. In addition, the combustion of locally-produced coal with high fluoride and arsenic content is a major cause of endemic fluorosis and arseniasis. Scaled-up access to clean and efficient stoves is consistent with China’s strategy to promote energy conservation, reduced carbon emissions, and green energy in villages.
Attachments:China Clean Stove Initiative Phase I
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